Nonsteroidal Anti-inflammatory Drugs

Naproxen – Uses and Precautions

Background Naproxen is classified as a nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID) and was initially approved for prescription use in 1976 and then for over-the-counter (OTC) use in 1994. It can effectively manage acute pain as well as pain related to rheumatic diseases, and has a well-studied adverse effect profile. Given its overall tolerability and effectiveness, naproxen can be considered a first …

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Ibuprofen – Side Effects

Background Ibuprofen is a non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID) derived from propionic acid and it is considered the first of the propionics. The formula of ibuprofen is 2-(4-isobutylphenyl) propionic acid and its initial development was in 1960 while researching for a safer alternative for aspirin. Ibuprofen was finally patented in 1961 and this drug was first launched against rheumatoid arthritis in …

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Diclofenac – Dosage

What is diclofenac? Diclofenac is a phenylacetic acid derivative and non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID). NSAIDs inhibit cyclooxygenase (COX)-1 and-2 which are the enzyme responsible for producing prostaglandins (PGs). PGs contribute to inflammation and pain signalling. Diclofenac, like other NSAIDs, is often used as first line therapy for acute and chronic pain and inflammation from a variety of causes. It was …

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